Vata constitutes space and air.
Vata is the energy of movement.
Balanced Vata generates feelings of freshness, flexibility, happiness and joy. Out of balance, Vata evokes anxiety, insecurity, loneliness, fear, nervousness, and sometimes tremors and spasms.
Vata qualities are light, cold, subtle, clear, dry and dispersing.
Pitta constitutes fire and water.
It is the principle of fire, the energy of heating and metabolism.
When in balance, Pitta promotes appetite and vitality, intelligence, understanding, and learning. When out of balance, Pitta can arouse fiery emotions such as, anger, frustration, hatred, criticism and jealousy.
Pitta qualities are hot, sharp, light, oily, liquid, pungent, sour, and spreading.
Kapha combines water and earth. These elements are responsible for structure and lubrication. Strength, vigor, and stability is provided from Kapha.
When Kapha is out of balance in the emotional body, attachment, greed, lust and envy can be generated. When in balance, Kapha tendencies are towards love, calmness, and forgiveness.
The qualities are; slow heavy, dense, cool, gross, stable, oily, soft, smooth, viscous and sweet.